Hard Maple Wood Floor
Also known as sugar maple, this is the most common and considered the best choice of maple species for flooring.
Color: Heartwood is creamy white to light reddish brown; sapwood is pale to creamy white. Can take on a very contemporary look when selected for 'clear' grade or achieves a country/rustic look when used in a 'character' grade.
Grain: Closed, subdued grain, with medium figuring and uniform texture. Occasionally shows quilted, fiddleback, curly or birdís-eye figuring. Figured boards often culled during grading and sold at a premium.
Variations within species and grades: Black maple (B. nigrum) is also hard; other species are classified as soft.
Hardness (Janka): 1450; 12% harder than Northern red oak.
Sawing/Machining: Density makes machining difficult.
Sanding: Sands satisfactorily.
Nailing: Fair resistance to splitting; good holding ability.
Finishing: Takes neutral finish well; does not stain uniformly.
Comments: Light color lends itself to contemporary light floors. Extra care must be taken during sanding and finishing, as sanding marks and finish lines are more obvious due to mapleís density and light color.